Saturday, November 10, 2018

Delhi Air Remains Hazardous. Wear Masks, Avoid Outdoor Activity, Say Docs

NEW DELHI: With seasonal crop residue burning, industrial and vehicle emissions and calm winds uninterrupted, a thick layer of toxic smog settled over the city on saturday.
The overall Air Quality Index (AQI) of Delhi stood at 440 with particulate (PM) 10, that falls beneath the 'hazardous' category, said System of Air Quality and weather forecasting and research (SAFAR).

An Air Quality Index within the vary of 0 to 50 is considered good, 51 to 100 is marked as satisfactory, 101 to 200 is moderate, 201 to 300 comes under the class of poor, 401 to 500 severe and beyond 500 is contemplated as dangerous .

At Dhirpur, the Air Quality Index was 420 at 8:30 am, while in Mathura Road area it unfit to 'severe' class at 423. The Air Quality Index near Pitampura, airport terminal 3 and Delhi University stood at 426, 472 and 433, respectively.

Worried about the situation within the capital, medical practitioners have advised people suffering from breathing difficulties to avoid out of doors activities. they need also recommended people to use masks whenever they step out of their homes.

Each year, farmers residing in the close states of Delhi are damned for making the air toxic by burning plant material. This year, too, they're continued to carry out this activity despite the state government imposing a ban of Rs. 2500 per acre.

Last year, 50 per cent subsidy was given to farmers willing to buy happy seeders but reportedly, constant year, the cost of machines increased from Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 1, 70,000, making it difficult for them to procure the new machinery.

SAFAR said the national capital's air quality depends on the wind for the next couple of days. "Delhi Air Quality has improved considerably since November 8 but the recovery is slow due to low surface wind speed and it continued to be in the Severe category. As per the satellite, heavy fire counts were recorded in the last 24 hour but presently the contribution of plant material fire emissions is marginal as higher winds are Northerly."

Rising vehicular emission is also seen as a major contributor to air pollution in Delhi NCR. according to a report by the Ministry Of Earth Sciences (MoES), emissions from transport and industrial sectors have gone up by 40 per cent and 48 per cent, respectively. amazingly, windblown dust, that is often damned for pollution in Delhi, reduced by 26 per cent between 2010 and 2018.

"Only Delhi has over 10 million vehicles and therefore the number is going up once a year. Of the whole vehicular pollution, 40 per cent to 45 per cent comes from two-wheelers and another 30 per cent to-35 per cent from four-wheelers," the Ministry Of Earth Sciences report further declared.

The local administration has enacted emergency measures in order to curb the menace of air pollution. officials deployed across the capital halted construction activity for one or two of weeks, restricted vehicular traffic round the town and have halted operations of industries using coal and biomass as fuel between All Saints' Day and November 10.

The Central Pollution control board (CPCB) induced artificial rain in polluted areas to clean away hazardous pollutants that are deteriorating the air quality.

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